in the name of God
The Names of God in Islam
Any endeavor undertaken by an observant muslim begins with
the invocation, whether spoken aloud or remembered silently,
"bismillah", in the name of god.
This bismillah represents a shortened form of the most frequently recurring phrase in the Qur'an,
Bismillah ar Rahman ir Rahim
in the name of God the Compassionate the Merciful
bi ~ in
ism ~ name
i ~ of
llah ~ God
bismillah ~ in the name of God
Strictly speaking, the word Allah is not a name.
It is simply the word used in Arabic to connote the God,
as opposed to a god.
The word is found in both forms in the first part of the shahadah,
the muslim profession of faith:
la ilaha illa llah ~ there is no god but god.
Some argue that the word allah is a contraction of al-ilah
[literally "the god"], since eliding the initial article is conventional in Arabic, thus forming the “name” allah.
Call it a word or a name, as you will.
Either way it means God, the one.
la ilaha illa llah ~ there is no god but god.
in arabic there are no capital letters,
not even for proper names,
so the use of capitalization below
represents a convention of orthography
of the English language.
in arabic the word is allah.
Allah, or aLlah, is simply the word for God used by
Arabic-speaking Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike when they pray.
It simply means God.
The most common male name in Arabic is
Abdullah, which means “Servant of God.”
No muslim man may take one of the proper names of God, thus a man may be known as Latif (subtle), but never al Latif (the subtle).
Most often the prefix root “abd” is added to one of the names of God, as in Abdul Latif (servant of the subtle). This is always acceptable.
Never may a man take one of the unique names Malik al Mulk, Allah, or other names uniquely reserved as divine appellations.
The tradition of ninety-nine names of God is derived from the Qur’an.
While the names are cast in the masculine,
the attributes are cast in the feminine,
beautifully demonstrating that God is beyond gender,
even in the original arabic.
Less common, but more esoterically, most sufis also refer to
God in prayer simply by the third person singular pronoun "hu" [literally He
in English]. Hu is intoned or breathed silently in this manner almost as
a prayerful mantra ~ a primordial breath or form of om.
Remembrance or repetition of one of the names in such a way is known as dhikr or zikr, remembrance, or dhikrullah,
remembrance of God.
[A much fuller discussion of each of the 99 beautiful names of GOD,
along the lines below, can be found in The Name & the Named
by Shayk Tosun Bayrak al Jerrahi al Halveti
from Fons Vitae Press.]
Muslims consider Allah to be the greatest name of God.
Following are “al asma al husna,” the divine names,
the 99 “most beautiful names” of God:
ar Rahman ~ the Compassionate
ar Rahim ~ the Merciful
ar Rahman is the most frequent name of God used
in the Qur’an. It, along with ar Rahim, the second
most frequent name in the Qur’an, are both derived
from the Semitic root RHM, meaning “womb.”
al Malik ~ the Owner
al Quddus ~ Purity
as Salam ~ Peace
al Mumin ~ the Inspirer of Faith
al Muhaymin ~ the Protector
al ‘Aziz ~ the Victorious
al Jabbar ~ the Repairer, the Completer
al Mutakabbir ~ the Owner of Pride
al Khaliq ~ the Creator
al Bari ~ the Maker of Harmony
al Musawwir ~ the Shaper of Beauty
al Ghaffar ~ the Forgiving
al Qahhar ~ the Subduer
al Wahhab ~ the Giver
ar Razzaq ~ the Sustainer
al Fattah ~ the Opener
al ‘Alim ~ the Knower
al Qabid ~ the Constrictor
al Basit ~ the Releaser
al Khafid ~ the Abaser
ar Rafi’ ~ the Exalter
al Mu’izz ~ the Bestower of Honor
al Mudhill ~ the Humiliator
as Sami’ ~ the Hearer
al Basir ~ the Seeing
al Hakam ~ the Judge
al ‘Adl ~ the Just
al Latif ~ the Subtle
al Khabir ~ the Aware
al Halim ~ the Forebearing
al ‘Azim ~ the Absolute
al Ghafur ~ the Forgiving
ash Shakur ~ the Rewarder of Gratitude
al ‘Ali ~ the Most High
al Kabir ~ the Greatest
al Hafiz ~ the Preserver
al Muqit ~ the Nourisher
al Hasib ~ the Reckoner
al Jalil ~ the Sublime
al Karim ~ the Generous
ar Raqib ~ the Watcher
al Mujib ~ the Responder to Prayer
al Wasi’ ~ the Comprehending
al Hakim ~ the Wise
al Wadud ~ Love
al Maajid ~ the Glorious
al Ba’ith ~ the Resurrector
ash Shahid ~ the Witness
al Haqq ~ the Truth
al Wakil ~ the Trustee
al Qawi ~ the Inexhaustible
al Matin ~ the Forceful
al Walii ~ the Friend of Servants
al Hamid ~ the Praised
al Muhsi ~ the Quantitator
al Mubdi ~ the Originator
al Mu’id ~ the Restorer
al Muhyi ~ the Giver of Life
al Mumit ~ the Taker of Life
al Hayy ~ the Ever Living
al Qayyum ~ the Self-Existing
al Wajid ~ the Finder
al Majiid ~ the Majestic
al Wahid ~ the One
al Ahad ~ the Only
as Samad ~ the Satisfier of Needs
al Qadir ~ the All Powerful
al Muqtadir ~ the Creator of All Power
al Muqaddim ~ the Advancer
al Muakhkhir ~ the Delayer
al Awwal ~ the First
al Akhir ~ the Last
az Zahir ~ the Manifest
al Batin ~ the Hidden
al Wali ~ the Governor of Creation
al Muta’ali ~ the Supreme
al Barr ~ the Doer of Good
at Tawwib ~ the Turner to Repentance
al Muntaqim ~ the Avenger
al ‘Afu ~ the Forgiver, the Redeemer
ar Rauf ~ the Clement
Malik al Mulk ~ Eternal Owner of All
Dhul Jalali wal Ikram ~ Lord of Majesty and Bounty
al Muqsit ~ the Distributor
al Jami’ ~ the Gatherer
al Ghani ~ the Rich
al Mughni ~ the Enricher
al Mani’ ~ the Averter of Harm
ad Darr ~ the Causer of Harm
an Nafi’ ~ the Creator of Good
an Nur ~ Light
al Hadi ~ the Guide
al Badi’ ~ the Originator
al Baqi ~ the Everlasting
al Warith ~ the Inheritor
ar Rashid ~ the Righteous Teacher
as Sabur ~ the Completely Patient One
la ilaha illa llah